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Reptiles of Peru

Peru has around 300 species of reptiles of which around 100 are endemic. Peru's reptile fauna includes spectacular species like giant anacondas and caimans, as well as many other snakes, lizards and turtles.

Spectacled Caiman Spectacled Caiman - Caiman crocodilus


  1. American Crocodile - Crocodylus acutus
  2. Black Caiman - Melanosuchus niger
  3. Spectacled (White) Caiman - Caiman crocodilus
  4. Smooth-fronted Caiman (Schneider's Dwarf Caiman) - Paleosuchus trigonatus
  5. (Cuvier's) Dwarf Caiman - Paleosuchus palpebrosus
Green Anaconda Green Anaconda - Eunectes murinus

Turtles and Tortoises

  1. Green Turtle - Chelonia mydas
  2. Loggerhead Turtle - Caretta caretta
  3. Hawksbill Turtle - Eretmochelys imbricata
  4. Leatherback Turtle - Dermochelys coriacea
  5. Olive Ridley Turtle - Lepidochelys olivacea
  6. Amazon Matamata - Chelus fimbriatus
  7. Twist-necked Turtle (South American Flat-headed)- Platemys platycephala
  8. Lesser Toad-headed Turtle - Phrynops gibbus
  9. Greater Toad-headed Turtle - Phrynops raniceps
  10. Geoffroy's Side-necked Turtle - Phrynops geoffroanus
  11. Red Toad-headed Turtle - Phrynops rufipes
  12. Big-Headed River Turtle - Peltocephalus dumerilianus
  13. Yellow-spotted Side-necked Turtle (Taricaya)- Podocnemis unifilis 
  14. Giant Amazonian (South American) River Turtle - Podocnemis expansa
  15. Six-tubercled River Turtle - Podocnemis sextuberculata
  16. Scorpion Mud Turtle - Kinosternon scorpiodes
  17. White-lipped Mud Turtle - Kinosternon leucostomum
  18. Yellow-footed Tortoise - Geochelone denticulata
  19. Red-footed Tortoise - Geochelone carbonaria
Unknown Lizard Spiny Whorltail Iguana - Stenocercus crassicaudatus
Common at Machu Picchu


A list of lizards found in Peru is on this page.


A list of snakes found in Peru is on this page.

Reptile Articles

  • List of reptile and amphibian species for Peru, by 
  • Herps of Manu National Park, by K. Svara and J.C. Chaparro. Photographs of lizards and snakes. 
  • Road Cruising in the Amazon by Matt Russell, Reptiles magazine, March 2001. Good photographs of snakes. 
  • Aquatic Turtles of the Upper Amazon, Iquitos, Peru by Matt Russell. 
  • A Checklist With Common Names Of The Reptiles Of The Peruvian Lower Amazon by William W. Lamar, 1998. 
  • Amphibian & Reptile Species Of San Martin, North East Peru by Rainer Schulte, 1999. 
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