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Marine Mammals of Peru

Short-beaked Common Dolphin - Delphinus delphis
Photo by Giovanni Bearzi

Peru has about 35 species of marine mammals, in which we include whales, dolphins, poroises, sea lions, seals and sea otters. There are 21 species of small cetaceans. Most of these live in open waters but only two species, the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and the Burmeister's Porpoise (Phocaena spinnipinis), live in inshore waters.

List of Marine Mammals

  1. South American Sea Lion - Otaria flavescens (formerly byronia)
  2. South American Fur Seal - Arctocephalus australis
  3. Juan Fernández Fur Seal - Arctocephalus philippii (does not breed, seen in small numbers during the winter months at San Juan de Marcona)
  4. Marine Otter - Lontra felina
  5. Risso's Dolphin - Grampus griseus
  6. Bottlenose Dolphin - Tursiops truncatus
  7. Short-Beaked Common Dolphin - Delphinus delphis
  8. Long-Beaked Common Dolphin - Delphinus capensis
  9. Dusky Dolphin - Lagenorhynchus obscurus
  10. Pantropical Spotted Dolphin - Stenella attenuata
  11. Striped Dolphin - Stenella coeruleoalba
  12. Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris
  13. Rough-Toothed dolphin - Steno bredanensis
  14. Pygmy Killer Whale - Feresa attenuata
  15. Killer Whale - Orcinus orca
  16. False Killer Whale - Pseudorca crassidens
  17. Burmeister's porpoise - Phocoena spinipinnis
  18. Fraser's Dolphin - Lagenodelphis hosei
  19. Southern Right-whale Dolphin - Lissodelphis peronii
  20. Short-Finned Pilot Whale - Globicephala macrorhynchus
  21. Long-Finned Pilot Whale - Globicephala melas
  22. Melon-Headed Whale - Peponocephala electra
  23. Antarctic Minke Whale - Balaenoptera bonaerensis
  24. Sei Whale - Balaenoptera borealis
  25. Bryde's Whale - Balaenoptera edeni
  26. Blue Whale - Balaenoptera musculus
  27. Fin Whale - Balaenoptera physalus
  28. Lesser-Beaked Whale - Mesoplodon peruvianus
  29. Blainville's Beaked Whale - Mesoplodon densirostris
  30. Cuvier's Beaked Whale - Ziphius cavirostris
  31. Southern Right Whale - Eubalaena australis
  32. Humpback Whale - Megaptera novaeangliae
  33. Sperm Whale - Physeter macrocephalus
  34. Pygmy Sperm Whale - Kogia breviceps
  35. Dwarf Sperm Whale - Kogia sima

Marine Mammals Articles/Links

  • The Marine Connection - Peru projects  ...link 
  • Peru Progress Report on Cetacean Research, March 1995 To March 2004 by Peruvian Sea Research Institute (IMARPE) (PDF file)  ...link 
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